Liver nodules were induced by treatment of rats with diethylnitrosamine single i. Groups of rats were kept on PB until sacrifice or were withdrawn from the promoter weeks prior to killing. Emission of chemiluminescence was used as a sensitive means to detect the formation of reactive oxygen in microsomal preparations from the various tissues incubated with NADPH and the chemiluminigenic detector lucigenin.
In addition, a 2-dimensional photon counting system has been developed that permits the analysis of the spatial distribution of lucigenin-chemiluminigenic signals over liver tissue sections incubated with reduced phosphopyridine dinucleotides. In general, we observed increased levels of reactive oxygen formation in liver nodules when compared with the normal liver tissue.
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Highest levels were seen in nodules that stemmed from PB-induced rats. Studies on the expression and activity of cytochrome P in liver nodules as well as experiments with specific inhibitors point towards a participation of the liver monooxygenase system in reactive oxygen formation, although additional metabolic pathways seem to be involved as well. The observed increases in reactive oxygen in liver nodules of PBtrented rats might be related to the promoting activity of this drug.
Documents: Advanced Search Include Citations. Powered by:.The novel is famous    in the German-speaking world, having been in print in both German and English for over years and sold over 3 million copies,  becoming an erotic bestseller. Although no author claimed responsibility for the work, it was originally attributed to either Felix Salten or Arthur Schnitzler by the librarians at the University of Vienna.
The original novel uses the specific local dialect of Vienna of that time in dialogues and is therefore used as a rare source of this dialect for linguists.
It also describes, to some extent, the social and economic conditions of the lower class of that time. The novel has been translated into English, French, Spanish, Italian, Hungarian, Hebrew, Dutch, Japanese, Swedish and Finnish, among others,  and been the subject of numerous films, theater productions, parodies, and university courses, as well as two sequels.
The protagonist is said to have been born on 20 February in Vienna and passed on 17 December at a sanatorium. The plot device employed in Josephine Mutzenbacher is that of first-person narrative, structured in the format of a memoir.
The story is told from the point of view of an accomplished aging year-old Viennese courtesan who is looking back upon the sexual escapades she enjoyed during her unbridled youth in Vienna. Contrary to the title, almost the entirety of the book takes place when Josephine is between the ages of 5—13 years old, before she actually becomes a licensed prostitute in the brothels of Vienna.
The book begins when she is five years old and ends when she is thirteen years old and starts her career as an unlicenced prostitute with a friend, to support her unemployed father.
The actual progression of events amounts to little more than a graphic, unapologetic description of the reckless sexuality exhibited by the heroine, all before reaching her 14th year. In some constellations, Josefine appears as the active seducer, and sex is usually depicted as an uncomplicated, satisfactory experience.
The original Austrian publication was unillustrated, but a later pirated edition from contained black-and-white drawings, entirely pornographic as the text. These illustrations were bound in the archival copy of the first edition at the Austrian National Library and have been reproduced at least in the hardcover edition of the English translation  and in a Finnish translation,  erroneously dated to Another illustrated German-language edition was published in the late s in Liechtenstein with images by Jean Veenenbos — Other illustrations have been created as well.
The first English translation of was quickly pirated in New York and illustrated by Mahlon Blaine — The translation, Oh! Josephineis illustrated with photographic stills from "the continental movie" ofJosephine Mutzenbacher a. Naughty Knickers by Kurt Nachmann. Also a Danish translation of contains illustrations. An incomplete Swedish translation from contains random photographs of prostitutes with scathing comments.
The novel Josefine Mutzenbacher has given rise to a multitude of interpretations. It has been listed both as child pornography and labeled as an apposite depiction of the milieu and manners of its time in Vienna, a travesty or a parody or a persiflage of a coming-of-age story or a novel of development,  and mentioned as a rare case of a picaresque novel with a female protagonist.
The relation of the novel to the Freudian theory of sexuality has been subject to debate. The Swedish translator C.
The distribution of the novel Josefine Mutzenbacher was forbidden in Austria from on when it was taken into the list Catalogus Librorum in Austria Prohibitorum because of its obscenity. Ina bookseller called Josef Kunz was convicted in Vienna for a public act of obscenity because he had published a new edition of the novel, and the copies of the book were confiscated. Still inthere was another legal process to ban the novel because of obscenity, but this time, too, the Supreme Court judged in favour of the publisher.
However, the significance of the case came to eclipse Josefine Mutzenbacher as an individual work, because it set a precedent as to which has a larger weight in German Law: Freedom of Expression or The Protection of Youth. In Germany, there is a process known as indexing German : Indizierung.
An item will stay on the list for 25 years, after which time the effects of the indexing will cease automatically. Items that are indexed placed on the list cannot be bought by anyone under 18, they are not allowed to be sold at regular bookstores or retailers that young people have access to, nor are they allowed to be advertised in any manner. The issue underlying the Mutzenbacher Decision is not whether the book is legal for adults to buy, own, read, and sell — that is not disputed.
The case concerns whether the intrinsic merit of the book as a work of art supersedes the potential harm its controversial contents could have on the impressionable minds of minors and whether or not it should be "indexed". In the s, two separate publishing houses made new editions of the original Josefine Mutzenbacher. The BPjM placed Josefine Mutzenbacher on its list, after two criminal courts declared the pornographic content of the book obscene.My research focuses on German and Austrian colonial and imperial discourses of the past, and on developing strategies for overcoming their legacies in the present.
Because education itself is perhaps our best tool in this process, much of my research overlaps with the courses I teach. By insisting on this alternative identity for the Slavs, German expansionists could claim the need for German colonial intervention in lands that were right next door.
The BCESN is an international group of scholars who want to see the field of Black Studies more actively research and teach the history of the African diaspora in Europe. With this goal in mind, we are currently constructing a database of primary and secondary materials and developing teaching units as a resource for educators interested in integrating our material into their courses.
Kristin Kopp and Joanna Nizynska, eds. Kristin Kopp, and Werner Michael Schwarz.Werner Michael Schwarz: „Sprechende Steine“. Rotes Wien 1919–1934
Peter Altenberg: Ashantee. Nelson ed. Contact Web Group Login. MU Logo University of Missouri. Research Interests. Frequently Taught Courses. Revolver Kino. Arguing the Case for a Colonial Poland.
The Stilfser Joch in the Italian Alps. Kopp crossing the top of the Stilfser Joch. PDF Documents. Kopp CV.An avid skier and swimmer, Michael was constantly active pursuing various sports and adventures.
From a young age, Michael displayed an ingrained sense of curiosity about the world and compassion for the people living in it that would propel him into his career as a documentarian. A Fulbright fellowship in Malaysia followed the next year, during which Michael taught documentary techniques to aspiring Asian filmmakers. InMichael moved to San Francisco and joined KQED as director of news and current affairs, where he oversaw numerous award-winning programs. Michael triumphed in his career, but in his eyes his greatest achievement was meeting and marrying Kiki, the love of his life.
Kiki, a power-house young attorney, knew Michael was the man she was going to marry the moment their eyes met across the bar. She immediately fled, but fate had them run into each other days later at a restaurant, and their life-defining partnership began. Their marriage was the story of fairytales that birthed two wonderful daughters, Ari and Misha.
Michael was an intensely devoted father to his two daughters; when it came to them, there was no subject, question, or doubt that was too small for his attention. Michael encouraged his daughters to be both curious and compassionate. Ari and Misha grew up in the Menlo Park public school system, but Michael and Kiki believed the best way for them to learn was through travel.
Michael took each of his daughters on documentary shoots around the world, teaching them first-hand about cultures and progressive values.
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He gave them the world. Though tenacious and unsparing in any inquiry, Michael was known for a personal ease, a wry sense of humor, and a gentleness that, in combination, were irresistible. He was fiercely intelligent, intensely loyal, and relentless in his quest to make life better for everyone he knew. Michael will continue to be loved and missed by his wife and partner of 30 years Kiki, his year-old daughter Ari and year-old daughter Misha, his mother Bobbie Schwarz, his sister Debbie Funderburk, numerous loving extended family members including father-in-law Narinder Kapany, brother-in-law Raj Kapany, and nieces and nephews Rusty Funderburk, Corey Funderburk, Danny Funderburk, Tara Kapany and Nikki Kapany and a legion of admiring friends and colleagues around the globe.
In memory of Michael we ask that you consider supporting Science Bytes, a science education film project he passionately wanted to bring to fruition. Please visit www.Sensationalism and the Genealogy of Modernity pp Cite as. Two traditions of sensationalism need to be distinguished, one being a modern sensationalism and the other one a premodern type that blends with the previous type. Their disappearance is tantamount to the demise of premodern sensationalism in urban public life, which henceforth lives on exclusively in art and literature.
With the demise of voice-based premodern sensationalism ends also, the essay argues, an important tradition of active, dialogically involved audiences. Skip to main content.
Advertisement Hide. Chapter First Online: 18 November This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and His World. Indiana University Press, Google Scholar. Volume 3: Speeches and Essays. Burke, Peter. Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe. London: Smith, Crary, Jonathan. Techniques of the Observer. On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century. Expressive Styles and Occupational Choice. Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish.
The Birth of the Prison . New York: Vintage Books, Frisby, David. Fragments of Modernity. Gabriele, Alberto. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, Clues and Scientific Method. Volume I. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society . Cambridge: Polity Press, Kaut, Hubert.He teaches intellectual history and Jewish European history.
His research interests focus on Central Europe and include social theory, political philosophy, and rabbinic culture — Midrash to Kabbalah to halakhic responsa. Hacohen writes on the Central European Jewish intelligentsia, on nation state vs. His Jewish European history is both traditionally Jewish and cosmopolitan European. He has published essays in the leading journals of European and Jewish history and in several important collections.
The book uses the biblical story of the rival twins, Jacob and Esau, and its subsequent retelling by Christians and Jews through the ages as lens through which to illuminate changing Jewish—Christian relations and the opening and closing of opportunities for Jewish life in Europe.
In rewriting this history via Jacob and Esau, the book charts two divergent but intersecting Jewish histories that together represent the plurality of Jewish European cultures. Most recently, he has led an international research initiative on Empire, Socialism and Jews, with a series of conferences in Vienna and Duke University.
National Humanities Center. Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellows. American Council of Learned Societies. Herbert Baxter Adams Prize. American Historical Association. Hacohen, M. Cambridge University Press, Karl Popper in Esilio. Edited by Rubbettino Editore. Biblioteca Austriaca, Jarvie—, Nimrod Bar-Am and Stefano Gattei, — Springer, Werner Michael Schwarz and Ingo Zechner, 38— Del Castello and Michael Segre, — Carabba, Andrea Borghini and Stefano Gattei, — Livorno: Salomone Belforte, Vienna University Press, Gerold, University of Chicago Press, May 23, Skip to main content Malachi H.
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